The Vikings

The Vikings History

From the 8th to the 11th century the Vikings or Northernmen sailed from their fjords in Scandinavia and made their way across Europe looking for trade, and offering mercenary service. The Swedes (or Varangians) established themselves throughout the Baltic and controlled the overland route to the Baltic Sea, while the Danes invaded parts of England, Portugal, and France. The Norwegians, however, were unparalleled in their success, and their adventures became the stuff of Viking legend. After overrunning the Orkneys, the Shetlands, the Hebrides, and parts of Ireland, the Norwegians established colonies in the Frances, Iceland, and Greenland. They even sailed to the coast of North America. The Vikings. The Viking were the most feared Europeans of their day, and their impact on history was immense. Fear of the Vikings raid unified many otherwise disparate tribes and kingdoms, and many new political states were created by the Vikings themselves. Despite profiting from the spoils of war, it was their success as settlers and traders that was the Vikings' greatest achievement.

The Vikings Inheritance

There are a lot of things we can see today if we go to Norway. The Vikings left us with abundant precious treasures.
  • The Vikings' Religion : The Vikings religion was dominated by the supreme gods Odin ( god of war), Thor (thunder), Frey (fertility).
  • The Longship : The viking used mainly the longship for raid. It was long and slim, faster than usual viking ship.
  • Weapons and Armor : The weapons and armor were the backbone of Viking culture, so the blacksmith's art was always in demand. 
  • Jewelry Design  : The Vikings' Jewelry Design often showed  Arab and eastern European influence. It illustrated the extent of the Vikings' trading network. Their jewelry was made of gold, silver, bronze, pewter, colored glass, jet, amber.
  • Picture Stones : Picture stones were memorial blocks that celebrated the glory of the dead relatives. They were carved with pictures and runic writing.

Top Ten Places To Visit In Oslo, Norway

Top Ten Places To Visit in Oslo, Norway

The followings are the most popular places to visit in Oslo. Check them out.

1. Akershus Slott and Hjemmerfrontmusseet.

Akershus Slott is located on a knoll overlooking the Oslofjorden. It is the city's most well-known memorial to medieval times. It was built around 1300. It was besieged several times before King Christian IV of Denmark transformed it to a lavish Renaissance residence in 1620s. He also built a new fortress around the castle. The most somber moment in the Akershus Slott's history was during the Second World War when the Nazis tortured and shot members of the Norwegian resistance here. Pictorial displays at the Hjemmerfrontmuseet (Resistance Museum) located by the gates of the castle.

2. Radhus

Radhus is the name of the City Hall built to commemorate Oslo's 900th year. The Radhus is well-known as the place where the Nobel Peace Prize is presented. 

3. Aker Brygge

Aker Brygge is one of the most popular places in the city to go for food and drink, especially during the long Scandinavian summer evenings. It is a  leisure complex which includes shops restaurants, bars, cinemas, and a theater.

4. Kongelige Slottet

Kongelige Slottet is a Royal Palace which was built in 1825-1848 at the request of King Karl Johan. An equestrian statue of the king stands in front of the building.

5. Nationaltheatret

Nationaltheatret was built in 1899. It is Norway's National Theater which has four stages, and a varied program, with all performances given in Norwegian. Visitors can make a special arrangements to have a guided tour of the interior. To watch its performances, visitors have to call in advance. 

6. Nasjonalgalleriet

Nasjonalgalleriet houses Norway's biggest collection of art. It also includes the amazing collection of works by the country's most notable painter, Edvard Munch. 

7. Munch-museet

One of Scandinavia's leading artists, Edvard Munch (1863-1944) left an amazing 1,100 paitings, 4,500 drawings, and 18,000 graphic works to the city of Oslo. Most of these impressive works are housed in the Munch-museet. It was opened in 1963. 

8. Frammuseet

Frammuseet was designed in 1892 by Scottish-Norwegian ship builder, Colin Archer. It is best-known as the ship that carried Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen on his epic journey to the South Pole in 1911. Visitors can relax between the remarkable array of beams in the ship's hull and marvel at the assortment of equipment-from piano to surgical instruments-that crew managed to take with them.

9. Kon-Tiki Museum
Kon-Tiki raft  carried Thor Heyerdahl and crew to make his legendary journeys across the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.

10. Vikingskipshuset

Norway is best known for its Viking explorers, and this museum contains three preserved 9th century longships. All three were unearthed from burial mounds in Norway, and funeral goods from each of the vessels are on display. Viewing platforms allow visitors to study the amazing 22 m by 5 m Oseberg ship.

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