European Countries

The following are the European countries and short description.


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Vienna, Austria
Austria is situated at the heart of Europe. A lot of tourists are attracted by the glories of its Imperial Habsburg heritage in its capital, Vienna. Besides, this country offers strong musical tradition and great natural beauty such as the Alps and the valley of the Danube. Visitors can enjoy one of the best place for skiing in this young emerging country. Here are the towns or cities you can explore when you visit Austria :
  • Eisenstadt
  • Graz
  • Hallstatt
  • Innsbruck
  • Linz
  • Melk and the Wachau
  • Salzburg
  • Vienna


Belgium is well-known for its wonderful Flemish art and Gothic architecture. This central of Europe Union office country has been a melting pot of various influences such as Dutch, French, and German. Brussels, its capital city, theoretically is the capital of Europe. When you visit Brussels, make sure you put the following places on your lists : 
  • Cathedrale Sts-Michael et Gudule
  • Centre Belge de la Bande Dessinee
  • Grand Place
  • Manneken Pis
  • Musee Royaux des Beaux-Arts

Czech Republic

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Prague, Czech

Czech Republick consists of two regions, Bohemia and Moravia. Moravia has orchards and vineyards in the south and a broad industrial belt in the north of the region. Bohemia's largest city and the capital of the Czech Republic, Prague is a growing cultural and commercial center that attracts so many tourists to come to what was then Czechoslovakia. Since 1990 this beautiful country has developed as healthy democratic country due to abundant tourists lately. When you visit Czech, make sure you put these destinations on your lists :
  • Prague
  • Karlstein
  • Kutna Hora
  • Karlsbad
  • Cesky Krumlov


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Copenhagen, Denmark

Denmark's capital city is Copenhagen. Denmark began the festivities early with its Golden Festival, a-19th-century Renaissance celebration. It usually takes place every September, with special events and activities including art exhibitions at major museums, theater and dance performances, concerts, historic walking tours, and readings. All the activities highlight the Danish Renaissance which took place between 1800 and 1850, when the national culture flourished and saw the works of great Danes such as ballet master August Bournonville, philosopher Søren Kierkegaard, and a whole school of painters influenced and inspired by the unique and golden light of Denmark.


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Tallinn, Estonia

Estonia, the northern most and smallest of the Baltic States, is also the most westernized and lies on the shores of the Gulf of Finland, between Russia in the east and Latvia in the south. Some 18,000 square miles in are, with a population of about 1.5 million people, it is a country of plains, marshes and forests, with as many as 1,500 lakes and 500 islands. The language is Finno-Ugric which is closely tied to that of Finland. On August 20th, 1991 Estonian independence from the Soviet Union was declared, and the United Nations Organization recognized it as a Sovereign State. It was the first Baltic State to begin monetary reform and a national currency, the Estonian Kroon, was introduced in 1992.


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Helsinki, Finland

Helsinki is the capital city of Finland. Finland annually celebrates anniverssary of the publication of Eljas Lönnrot’s epic, the Kalevala ( Land of Heroes ), a collection of runo-songs (cantations) passed from generation to generation by the Karelaians of eastern Finland. The Kalevala has molded a national identity for this young country that gained independence from Russia in 1917.


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Paris, France

Some of the areas of France belong to northern Europe and some others belong to southern parts. Amazingly, French has been succeeded in preserving value rural life in this more city-based and industrialized country. Unsurprisingly, this has become one of the greatest gravity to attract visitors from all over the world to French cities such as Paris, Cannes, Nice and Le Havre. When you visit France, do not forget its perfumes, Champagne and Cognac.


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Germany is one of the most economically successful country in Europe. Germany has a lot of industrial cities which can provide abundant works for its 80 millions population. This country has also a lot of things to offer to tourists, its scenery, heaths, forests and mountains. The Alps and its large lake is so attractive that many tourists visits this area each year.

Great Britain

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London, Great Britain

English channel separates Great Britain from the rest of Europe. Therefore, this kingdom country can offer more preserved culture, literature and architecture and unique heritage. Its capital, London, has been one of the most well-known tourist destination in the world. When you visit Great Britain, you will have a lot of  beautiful towns to see such as Cambridge, Brighton, Bristol and many others.


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Santorini, Greece

Though Greece is less popular than France, Italy, Spain and many other European countries, this country has been one of the most visited tour destinations in Europe. Due to its geographical strategic locations, the country whose capital is Athens, has combination of culture among the Balkans, the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Since 1960s this country has developed its tourism industry by building many amenities and facilities for modern life. Almost a third of the population lives in Athens, the cultural, financial and political center. When you visit Greece, make sure you put these beautiful destinations on your list :
  • Corfu and the Ionian Islands
  • Crete
  • Rhodes
  • Piraeus
  • Santorini


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Budapest, Hungary

The north part of Hungary consistst of forests and mountains, while its south part comprises a vast plain. The Tisza river and its tributaries shape the eastern regions, while the western regions are proud of having Lake Balaton, one of the largest lakes in Europe.Its capital, Budapest, is located a the heart of central Europe and it is the best place to start exploring the whole country. When you visit Hungary, put the following destinations on your lists :
  • Budapest
  • Eger
  • Esztergom
  • Lake Balaton
  • Pecs
  • Szentendre
  • Tokaj


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Reykjavik, Iceland

Iceland has grown quite rapidly lately. The capital of this beautiful country is Reykjavik. A lot of hotels have been built and Icelandic tourism has developed significantly. One of the most attractive tourism aspect is farmhouse and guest house accommodations and camping holidays.


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Dublin, Ireland

Ireland has been developing its economy for the last two decades. It  has good impact on tourism in this member of European Union. More than 6 millions visitors come to Ireland, specially to Dublin, which has been one of the most popular Europe's hotspots for a weekend break.


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Leaning Tower of Pisa, Italy

Italy's region comprises peaks of the Alps through the shores of Sicily. This home of Colosseum is rich in dialect, architecture, arts and cuisine. Italy is popularly divided into two parts, the north, which is rich, and the south which is poorer. The north has been successful in achieving the top brand names such as Fiat, Pirelli, Olivetti, Zanussi, Alessi and Armani. The south has been popular for its high unemployment. For visitors, the two divisions is not visible since there are a lot of popular tourist destinations throughout the country whose capital is Rome. Let's name them : 
  • Naples
  • Civitavecchia
  • Rome
  • Milan
  • Genoa
  • Palermo
  • Venice


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Norway’s capital city is Oslo. The Viking Age has left a lot of impact on this country.  Herald I succeeded in uniting the whole Norway in the 9th century. During World Wars, Norway tried to maintain neutrality. World War I made this country lose its merchant fleet. Nevertheless, Norways gained a lot of financial advantage by purchasing of major companies, soverignty over Svalbard ( the islands near the North Pole), and the reaffirmation of Norway’s prominence in international shipping. Now Norways has developed into a wealthy country.


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Warsaw, Poland

This developing country, Poland, is located between Russia and Germany.  Famed for its generosity of the people and the excellence of its Vodka, Poland has also attracted so many tourists because of its "Land of a Thousand Lakes" where water-sports lovers will find it haven for satisfying their desires. Bordering the Baltic Sea, Poland is one of the largest countries of Central Europe, with a population of around 40 million. The capital, Warsaw, is located at the center of Poland, on the bank of the River Vistula. When you visit Warsaw, the following tourist destinations are our recommendations :
  • Grand Theater
  • Monument to the Getto Heroes
  • National Museum
  • Old Town Market Square
  • Royal Castle
  • Royal Route
  • St. Anna's Church
  • St. John's Cathedral


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Lisbon, Portugal

The regions of this small country, Portugal is varied, from the rural Minho and Tras-os-Montes through the beautiful sandy beaches and warm Mediterranean climate. This part of sandy beaches and Mediterranean climate region has become one of the most popular vacation play ground for tourist all over the world. Its capital city, Lisbon, which is at the mouth of the Tagus, is a cosmopolitan city with a rich cultural life and attractions.


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Saint Petersburg, Russia

Russia is located in northern Eurasia. The most visited cities in this country are the current capital, Moscow, and the former capital, Saint Petersburg. St. Petersbug is situated at the meeting of the Neva river and the Gulf of Finland. Founded in 1703 by Peter the Great and famous as "Venice of the North", Saint Petersburg is rich in great cultural heritage such as Spilled Blood Church, St. Isaac's Cathedral, Mariinkskiy Theater, S Peter and Paul Fortress, Nevskiy Prospekt, the Hermitage and many others.


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Madrid, Spain

Located to the south of France and to the east of Portugal, Spain both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastline. Its climate and scenery is varied from the snow-capped peaks of mountains through the green meadows of Galicia and the orange groves of Valencia, to the dry barren regions in the south which reaches the coast of North Africa. Its Capital, Madrid, which lies in the center of the country is supported by another city which is also successful in commerce , sports and the arts. When you visit Spain, you can enjoy the followings :
  • Beaches.
  • World-class museums.
  • Medieval architecture.
  • Cultural attractions such as flamenco dancing, bullfighting, solemn Easter processions.
  • Beautiful landscapes.


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Stockholm, Sweden

The capital city of Sweden, Stockholm, has become one of the most popular city in Europe. Geographically, Sweden reaches as far north as the Arctic fringes of Europe, where glacier-topped mountains and thousands of acres of pine, spruce, and birch forests are broken here and there by wild rivers. You can also enjoy a lot of lakes and desolate moorland in this country.

Sweden is usually warm and exceedingly light in the summer, then cold and dark in the winter.


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Geneva, Switzerland

Switzerland is situated at the heart of Europe, between the Alps and the Jura mountains. The country whose capital city is Geneva, is bordered to the south by Italy, to the north by Germany, to the west by France and to the east by Austria. This small country, 350 km ( 220 miles ) by 220 km ( 140 miles ) has its special proud to offer to visitors, they are the Jura Mountains and the Alps. Besides, you can feel the taste of Mediterranean influences in this country. The winter is mild and palm-lined esplanades south of the Alps.  When you visit Switzerland, put these places / towns on your lists :
  • Geneva
  • Lake Geneva
  • Neuchatel
  • Basel
  • Bern
  • Swiss National Park
  • Ticino
  • Zurich

The Netherlands

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Amsterdam, The Netherlands
The Netherlands or Holland is the third most densely populated country in Europe, after Monaco and Malta. Most of its lands lay under the sea level. Nevertheless, this small country has been successful in maintaining its land so that it never looks overcrowded. Three biggest cities of Dutch are Amsterdam, which is the capital, Rotterdam, the industrial hub, and the Hague which is the seat of government, are located in the west of the country.

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